Hong Kong Pacific Diabetes & Endocrine Centre
繁體

简体
endocrine diseases

Hong Kong Pacific Diabetes
& Endocrine Centre

Testis, Ovary

Testis and ovary are male and female sex organ which produce sex hormones for sexual characteristic development and reproduction. Disease of sex organ will lead to infertility, abnormal sexual characteristic, menstrual disorder in female and erectile dysfunction in male.

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a common ovarian disease in women of reproductive age. Majority of PCOS patients are obese. Women of PCOS will have hirsutisim (increase hair growth) and menstrual irregularity. Pelvic ultrasound will show multiple ovarian cysts on both side. Blood test reviewed abnormally high luteinising hormone and testosterone concentration. PCOS can lead to infertility. Patient will also have a higher chance of having metabolic syndrome, diabetes and cardiovascular disease.